Kepemimpinan Gereja yang Efektif Di Era Society 5.0

Panca Parulian S, Amos Sukamto, Liviana Pribadi

Abstract


Churches always exist in a particular context and always choose to respond to the development of culture or civilization, including Society 5.0. Society 5.0, based on technology, provides the concept of a human-centered society and the integration between the virtual world and the real world, which is often expressed by the term super-smart society. Is the church ready for this civilization? To answer that question, we need a big picture of the leadership that exists in the church. By using eight dimensions of culture and leadership from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness, this article seeks to create a picture of the leadership culture in the church based on the congregation's perspective, to be taken into consideration for leadership in the church in the Society 5.0 era. The researcher uses the basic survey method to describe church leadership. The results of the church's descriptive analysis tend to future orientation, performance orientation, assertiveness, human orientation, and collectivism. However, the church needs to pay special attention to the cultural dimension of uncertainty avoidance that tends to hinder the flexibility of church leaders.

Abstrak

Gereja yang selalu hadir dalam konteks tertentu, selalu memiliki pilihan untuk merespons perkembangan budaya atau peradaban, termasuk Society 5.0. Society 5.0 dengan basis pemanfaatan teknologi memberikan konsep human-centered society dan integrasi antara dunia maya dan dunia nyata, yang sering diungkapkan dengan istilah super smart society. Apakah gereja siap dengan peradaban ini? Untuk menjawab pertanyaan  itu, diperlukan gambaran besar mengenai kepemimpinan yang ada di dalam gereja. Dengan menggunakan delapan dimensi budaya dan kepemimpinan dari Global Leadership and Organization Behaviour Effectivness artikel ini berupaya membuat gambaran budaya kepemimpinan yang ada di dalam gereja berdasarkan perspektif jemaat, untuk dijadikan bahan pertimbangan kepemimpinan dalam gereja di era Society 5.0. Peneliti menggunakan metode survei dasar dengan tujuan untuk menggambarkan kepemimpinan gereja. Hasil analisis deskriptif gereja memiliki kecenderungan pada future orientation, performance orientation, assertiveness, human orieentation, dan kolektivisme. Namun, gereja perlu memiliki perhatian khusus pada dimensi budaya uncertainty avoidance yang cenderung dapat menghambat fleksibilitas pemimpin gereja.


Keywords


Society 5.0, Kepemimpinan, Dimensi Budaya, Kepemimpinan Gereja

Full Text:

PDF

References


Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 16(3), 315–338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.03.001

Bauman, D. C. (2013). Leadership and the three faces of integrity. Leadership Quarterly, 24(3), 414–426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.01.005

Bekker, C. J. (2009). Towards a Theorical Model of Christian Leadership. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 2(2).

Carl, D., Gupta, V., & Javidan, M. (2004). Power Distance. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Deguchi, A., Akashi, Y., Hato, E., Ohkata, J., Nakano, T., & Warisawa, S. (2020). Solving Social Issues Through Industry–Academia Collaboration. In H.-Ut. Lab. (Ed.), Society 5.0: A People Centric Super Smart Society.

Deguchi, A., Hirai, C., Matsuoka, H., Nakano, T., Oshima, K., Tai, M., & Tani, S. (2020). What Is Society 5.0? In H.-Ut. Lab. (Ed.), Society 5.0: A People Centric Super Smart Society. Springer.

Digitalisasi di Indonesia Dinilai Makin Merata | Republika Online. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2021, from https://www.republika.co.id/berita/qq0gb2456/digitalisasi-di-indonesia-dinilai-makin-merata

Doreen Bryant. (2017). Luka’s Disruptive Jesus: Harnessing the Power of Disruptive Leadership. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 7(1).

Emrich, C. G., Denmark, F. L., & Hartog, D. N. Den. (2004). Cross-Cultural Differences in Gender Egalitarianism: Implications for Societies, Organizations, and Leaders. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Fry, L. W., Vitucci, S., & Cedillo, M. (2005). Spiritual leadership and army transformation: Theory, measurement, and establishing a baseline. Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 835–862. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.07.012

Gelfand, M. J., Bhawuk, D. P. S., Nishii, L. H., & Bechtold, D. J. (2004). Individualism and Collectivism. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 803).

Green, M., Kodat, S., Salter, C., Duncan, P., Garza-Ortiz, D., & Chavez, E. (2009). Assesing the Leadership Style of Paul and Cultural Congruence of the Christian Community at Corinth Using Project Globe Constructs. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 2(2).

Hartog, D. N. Den. (2004). Assertiveness. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Hatch, M. J., KOSTERA, M., & KOŹMIŃSKI, A. K. (2006). The Three Faces of Leadership: In Organizational Dynamics (Vol. 35, Issue 1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2005.12.003

Hicks, D. A. (2002). Spiritual and religious diversity in the workplace. Implications for leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 13(4), 379–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(02)00124-8

House, R. J., & Javidan, M. (2004). Overview of GLOBE. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Isaac, M. L. (2019). Situational Leadership int the Book of Samuel. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 9(1).

J. Robert Clinton. (1993). The Bible and Leadership Values: A Book By Book Analysis. Milton Keynes.

Javidan, M. (2004). Performance Orientation. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

K. H. Blanchard. (1985). SLII: A situational approach to managing people. Blanchard Training and Development.

Kabasakal, H., & Bodur, M. (2004). Humane Orientation in Societies, Organizations, and Leader Attributes. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Keehn, D. (2019). The Old Testament Roots of Jesus’ Leadership Development Methodology. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 9(1).

Luque, M. S. de, & Javidan, M. (2004). Uncertainty Avoidance. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Matsuoka, H., & Hirai, C. (2020). Habitat Innovation. In H.-Ut. Lab. (Ed.), Society 5.0: A People Centric Super Smart Society.

Michael. (2021). Online training: The application of the Society 5.0 concept. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 729(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/729/1/012105

Neal Ashkanasy, Gupta, V., Mayfield, M. S., & Trevor-Roberts, E. (2004). Future Orientation. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and practice. In SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0099-1333(98)90189-6

Peter W. Dorfman, & House, R. J. (2004). Cultural Influences on Organizational Leadership: Literature Review, Theoretical Rationale, and GLOBE Project Goals. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (p. 813).

Rost, J. (1991). Leadership an the twenty first centiry. Praeger.

Ruth, D. (2014). Leader as priest: Plucking the fruit of a flawed metaphor. Leadership, 10(2), 174–190. https://doi.org/10.1177/1742715012467488

Sajidan, Atmojo, I. R. W., Febriansari, D., & Suranto. (2021). A Framework of Science Based Entrepreneurship through Innovative Learning Model Toward Indonesia in Society 5.0. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1842(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1842/1/012039

Serrano, C. A. (2018). The Temple, The Body, and The People: Ancient Metaphores for the Modern Church. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 8(1).

Smith, M. (2019). Joseph: Authentic Leadership Forged in the Crucible. Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 9(1).

Sugiharto, B. (2019). Kebudayaan dan Kondisi Post-Tradisi: Kajian Filosofis atas Permasalahan Budaya Abad Ke-21. Kanisius.

Sukamto, A., & Panca Parulian, S. (2020). Religious Community Responses to the Public Policy of the Indonesian Government Related to the covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Law, Religion and State, 8(2–3), 273–283. https://doi.org/10.1163/22124810-2020006


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Panca Parulian S, Amos Sukamto, Liviana Pribadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.