Metode Penginjilan Paulus dalam Perspektif 1 Korintus 9:19-23 Terhadap Masyarakat Multikultural dan Implikasinya Terhadap Penginjilan di Indonesia

Jhon Leonardo Presley Purba, Sari Saptorini

Abstract


Paul was the most successful and greatest missionary in the history of Christianity, his evangelistic ministry covered a wide area, so Paul met various multicultural community groups in the first century. This study aims to study the methods of the apostle Paul's evangelism in the perspective of 1 Corinthians 9: 19-23 on the multicultural society of the first century and its implications for contemporary evangelism in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a hermeneutic and literature study approach. Through this research, the writer tries to answer research problems by looking for literature sources that are correlated and relevant to the research problem. Thematic and exegetical approaches are used to describe the theological-historical foundation of the Apostle Paul's method of evangelism in the perspective of 1 Corinthians 9: 19-2, then describe the implications for contemporary evangelism in Indonesia. The result of this research is that the contextual evangelism method "be the same as" Paul used in the multicultural society of the first century is very relevant to be applied in evangelism today in Indonesia. Indonesia is a multicultural country, so a cross-cultural contextual evangelism approach is very appropriate to do to reach Unreached People Groups, which are still widely available in Indonesia. This needs to be done in order to carry out the Great Commission of the Lord Jesus in Matthew 28: 18-20, so that all ethnic groups hear the gospel of salvation and become disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Abstract

Paulus merupakan misionaris tersukses dan terbesar dalam sejarah Kekristenan, pelayanan penginjilannya meliputi wilayah yang luas, sehingga Paulus bertemu dengan berbagai kelompok masyarakat multikultural abad pertama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kajian metode penginjilan rasul Paulus dalam perspektif 1 Korintus 9:19-23 terhadap masyarakat multikultural abad pertama dan implikasinya terhadap penginjilan masa kini di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan kualitatif deskriptif dengan pendekatan studi literature dan hermeneutik. Melalui penelitian ini penulis berusaha menjawab permasalahan penelitian dengan mencari sumber-sumber literatur yang berkorelasi dan relevan dengan masalah penelitian. Pendekatan tematis dan eksegesis digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan landasan teologis-historis metode penginjilan Rasul Paulus dalam perspektif 1 Korintus 9:19-2, selanjutnya mendeskripsikan implikasinya terhadap penginjilan masa kini di Indonesia. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa metode penginjilan kontekstual “menjadi sama seperti” yang digunakan Paulus pada masyarakat multikultural abad pertama sangat relevan untuk diterapkan dalam penginjilan pada masa kini di Indonesia. Indonesia merupakan negara multikultural, sehingga pendekatan penginjilan kontekstual lintas budaya sangat tepat dilakukan untuk menjangkau Unreached People Group yang masih banyak terdapat di Indonesia. Hal ini perlu dilakukan dalam rangka menjalankan Amanat Agung Tuhan Yesus dalam Matius 28:18-20, agar semua suku bangsa (etnis) mendengar Injil keselamatan dan menjadi murid Tuhan Yesus Kristus.


Keywords


Misi, Penginjilan, Kontekstual, Paulus, Multikultural

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arifianto, Yonatan Alex, and Ferry Purnama. 2020. “Misiologi Dalam Kisah Para Rasul 13 : 47 Sebagai Motivasi Penginjilan Masa Kini.” KHARISMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Teologi 1(2): 117–34.

Arifianto, Yonatan Alex, Sari Saptorini, and Kalis Stevanus. 2020. “Pentingnya Peran Media Sosial Dalam Pelaksanaan Misi Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19.” HARVESTER: Jurnal Teologi dan Kepemimpinan Kristen 5(2): 86–104.

Aris Elisa Tembay. “Konsep Penginjilan Dalam Kisah Para Rasul 18:9-10 Sebagai Upaya Revitalisasi Penginjilan.” Sejarah Artikel, STT Ebenhaezer Tanjung Enim.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Statistik Indonesia 2018 Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2018. ed. Subdirektorat Publikasi dan Kompilasi Statistik. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Barton, John & Muddiman, John. 2001. The Oxford Bible Commentary. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Bevans, Stephen. 2002. Model-Model Teologi Kontekstual. Flores: Penerbit Ledalero.

Brand, Chad & Draper, Charles & England, Archie. 2003. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Nashville, Tennessee: Holman Bible Publishers.

Burge, Gary M & Hill, Andrew E. 2012. The Baker Illustrated Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Publishing Group.

Curtis, Andrian. 2007. Oxford Bible Atlas. 4th ed. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Gardner, Joseph L. 1985. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible: An Illustrated Guide to the Holy Land. New York, USA: The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc.

Global Frontier Missions. 2021. “The Divine Strategy.”

Halim, Abdul. 2015. “Pluralise Dan Dialog Antar Agama.” Tajdid: Jurnal Ilmu Ushuluddin.

Harefa, Febriaman Lalaziduhu. 2020. “Menggunakan Konsep Inkarnasi Yesus Sebagai Model Penginjilan Multikultural.” PASCA : Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen 16(1).

Henry, Matthew. 2000. “Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume VI (Acts to Revelation).” In Commentary on the Whole Bible, ed. Ernie Stefanik. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Christian Classics Ethereal Library.

Joshua Project. 2021. “Joshua Project a Ministry of Frontier Ventures.”

Keriapy, Frets. 2021. “Teologi Multikultural: Kearifan Lokal Sebagai Bentuk Berteologi Dan Berbudaya.” MAGENANG: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristen 1(2): 13–29.

Kidd, Reggie. 2012. The Heart of Paul’s Theology: Paul And The Corinthians. Florida, USA: Third Millennium Ministries.

Leon-Dufour, Xavier. 1983. Dictionary of the New Testament. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Nainggolan, Desiana M. 2019. “Multikulturalisme Untuk Teologi Misi Ramah Kemanusiaan.” Jurnal Teologi Stulos 17(2): 213–40.

Patanella, Daniel, and Chandra Ebanks. 2011. “Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences.” In Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development,.

Paul as Missionary : Identity, Activity, Theology, and Practice. 2011. Paul as Missionary : Identity, Activity, Theology, and Practice.

Pervo, Richard I., and Ben Witherington III. 1999. “The Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary.” Journal of Biblical Literature.

Piper, John. 2001. Jadikan Sekalian Bangsa Bersukacita Supremasi Allah Dalam Misi. Bandung: Lembaga Literatur Baptis.

Powell, Mark Allan. 2011. The Harpercollins Bible Dictionary. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.

Price, Randall & House, Wyne. 2017. Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology. Grand Rapids Michigan, USA: Zondervan.

Purba, Jhon Leonardo Presley. 2021. “Peran Gereja Dan Hamba Tuhan Dalam Menghadapi Perilaku Intoleransi Dan Fundamentalis.” Apostolos 1(No. 1 (2021): Mei 2021): 22–33.

Purdaryanto, Samuel. 2020. “Strategi Melayani Unreached People Groups Berdasarkan Kajian Eksegetis 1 Korintus 9: 19-23.” Manna Rafflesia.

Al Qurtuby, Sumanto. 2020. “Merayakan Keragaman Tanpa Intoleransi Dan Kekerasan.”

Ridling, Zaine. 2010. Bible Atlas.

Seesengood, Robert Paul. 2009. Paul: A Brief History Paul: A Brief History.

Stowers, Stanley K. 2010. “The Apostle Paul.” In The History of Western Philosophy of Religion: Volume 1, Ancient Philosophy of Religion,.

Suparlan, Parsudi. 2014. “Menuju Masyarakat Indonesia Yang Multikultural.” Antropologi Indonesia 0(69).

Walvoord, John F. & Zuck, Roy B. 1983. The Bible Knowledge Commentary: New Testament An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty. Colorado Springs, CO: David C Cook.

Zaluchu, Sonny Eli. 2021. “Metode Penelitian Di Dalam Manuskrip Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan.” Jurnal Teologi Berita Hidup 3(2).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jhon Leonardo Presley Purba, Sari Saptorini

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.